Looking for clear and concise information on Minnesota landlord tenant law? Get all your answers from this plain English guide to Minnesota landlord tenant statutes.
MN Landlord Tenant Law
Minnesota landlord tenant law requires the landlord to [MN 504B.173]:
The landlord must return the screening fees to the applicant if he or she has been accepted and agrees to rent the property.
The landlord may use screening fees to perform reference, background and credit checks on tenant applicants. Any remaining amount must be returned to the applicant.
Prelease deposit is payment given from a prospective tenant to the landlord BEFORE they enter into a rental agreement. [MN 504B.175]
The landlord can only accept a prelease deposit if there is a written agreement stating the conditions for its return and that the landlord shall return it within seven days (if the conditions are met).
If the prospective tenant and landlord enters into a rental agreement, the prelease deposit shall go towards part of the security deposit or rent.
If the landlords fails to follow Minnesota landlord tenant laws for handling prelease deposits, the tenant can recover 1.5 times the amount of prelease deposit from the landlord.
Before running background or credit checks on tenant applicants, landlords must first obtain the applicant's written permission. [Fair Credit Reporting Act § 604(a)(3)(F)]
For landlords to run background and credit checks, the tenant application form needs to ask for the applicant's:
Before accepting screening fees, the landlord must inform applicants of the name, address, phone number of tenant screening service (if the landlord is using one) and the landlord's criteria for choosing a tenant.
If the landlord rejects an applicant, the landlord has inform the applicant know why he or she was rejected within 13 days.
If the landlord fails to follow Minnesota landlord tenant laws for screening tenant applicants, the applicant can sue the landlord for screening fees plus $100 plus court costs and attorney fees.
If the applicant provided false information or left important details, the landlord can sue the applicant for damages plus $500 plus court costs and attorney fees.
The federal Fair Housing Act disallows landlords from rejecting prospective renters based on their race, color, religion, nationality, sex, *familial status or physical/mental disability. *Familial status means landlords cannot reject someone for having one or more children under 18. Familial status also includes pregnant women and people planning to have (or adapt) children under 18.
In addition, Minnesota landlord tenant law disallows landlords from rejecting someone as a renter because of his or her creed, sexual orientation, marital status or reliance on public assistance. [MN 363.02]
Landlords of residential buildings with 12 or more dwelling units must have written lease agreements for each rental unit. [MN 504B.111]
The landlord has to give a copy of the lease agreement to the tenant. The landlord can ask the tenant to sign and date a receipt (as proof that the tenant has received the lease agreement). [MN 504B.115]
The landlord and tenant can choose between a month to month tenancy or fixed term lease. For a month to month tenancy, the landlord or tenant can change its terms and conditions at the end of every month. For a fixed term lease, the landlord and tenant CANNOT change the lease terms and conditions during its duration... unless there is written consent from both parties.
Minnesota landlord tenant law requires all tenancy agreements to contain the following details [MN 504B.181]:
According to Minnesota landlord tenant law, your lease agreement CANNOT:
Minnesota landlord tenant law does not limit the maximum amount of security deposit that the landlord can ask (as long as the tenant is agreeable).
The landlord shall have the pay the tenant 1% interest on the deposit amount per year. Interest is pro-rated every month and shall be paid at the end of the tenancy. [MN 504B.178 Subd. 2]
Minnesota landlord tenant law requires the landlord to inform the tenant of the terms and conditions for security deposit deductions. [MN 504B.178 Subd. 3(b)]
Valid reasons for security deposit deductions (under Minnesota landlord tenant law) include:
The landlord is NOT allowed to take money from the security deposit due to damage from *normal wear and tear. *Normal wear and tear is the natural deterioration of the property (and its contents) from normal everyday use.
Once the lease terminates and the tenant returns the property, the landlord must send the tenant a list of security deposit deductions and refund any remaining deposit within three weeks. This list has to individually account for all damages and rent owed in writing.
If the landlord fails to follow Minnesota landlord tenant law for deducting and returning security deposit, the tenant can recover two times the amount of deposit wrongfully withheld plus interest.
If the landlord transfers his or her ownership of the property to another person by sale, assignment, appointment or death, the landlord and landlord's agent shall still be responsible for the security deposit until they do ONE of the following within 60 days [MN 504.178 Subd. 5]:
Minneapolis, Minnesota MN
Minnesota landlord tenant law requires the tenant to pay rent without demand or reminders. As long as the landlord and tenant are agreeable, they can choose the time, place and method of rent payment.
Whenever the tenant pays the landlord in cash (for rent or other reasons), the landlord must provide a written receipt immediately. If the tenant didn't pay in person, the landlord shall give the tenant a receipt within three business days. [MN 504B.118]
If the landlord wants to impose late rent fees, it has to be specified in the rental agreement. The rental agreement has to state when late fees will be imposed and the late fees cannot exceed 8% of the overdue rent amount. [MN 504B.177]
According to the Minnesota Landlord Tenant Act, the landlord can choose to raise the rent by any amount.
For a periodic tenancy, the landlord has to inform the tenant of a rent increase at least one payment interval plus one day in advance. Examples:
For a week to week tenancy, the landlord has to inform the tenant of a rent increase at least eight (7+1) days in advance.
For a month to month tenancy, the landlord has to inform the tenant of a rent increase at least 31 (30+1) days in advance.
The tenant can then choose to pay the higher rent or move out.
For a fixed term tenancy, the landlord isn't allowed to raise the rent until the tenancy expires.
The Minnesota Clean Indoor Air Act prohibits smoking in all common areas within apartment buildings. [MN 144.413]
The Minnesota Landlord Tenant Act requires the landlord to maintain the property in a safe and habitable condition [MN 504B.161]:
The tenant can be responsible for certain property maintenance or repairs if both parties agree to it in writing. The landlord shall have to compensate the tenant for performing maintenance or repairs. [MN 504B.161]
If a residential property is condemned or declared not habitable by state or local authorities, the landlord or landlord's agent shall not be allowed to collect rent or security deposit.
If the landlord violates this Minnesota landlord tenant statute, the tenant can sue the landlord for actual damages and three times the amount of money collected (after the property was condemned) PLUS court costs and attorney fees. [MN 504B.204]
According to Minnesota landlord tenant law, the landlord is only allowed to enter the property for business purposes. [MN 504B.211 Subd. 3] This includes:
In the above situations, the landlord should inform the tenant at least 24 hours in advance before entering the property.
According to Minnesota landlord tenant law, the landlord may enter the property without permission IF immediate entry is required for:
If the landlord didn't inform the tenant in advance and the tenant wasn't home when the landlord entered the property, the landlord must leave a written notice stating he or she has entered the property (at a highly visible place on the property). [MN 504B.211 Subd. 5] If the landlord fails to do so, the tenant can sue the landlord for $100 per violation.
The landlord must have a valid reason and inform the tenant in advance (whenever required by Minnesota landlord tenant law) to enter the property.
If the landlord fails to do so, the tenant can sue the landlord for lower rents, the return of security deposit (after deductions) and $100 per violation.
There are no specific Minnesota landlord tenant laws on subletting.
We recommend that the landlord and tenant work out the following details and include them in the rental agreement:
Saint Paul, Minnesota MN
Minnesota landlord tenant law requires you to give the other party a written notice to quit before terminating a tenancy.
If there is no written lease agreement, the number of days for notice to quit shall be equal to the rent payment interval (capped at three months). [MN 504B.135.(a)]
If rent is paid every week, you must give this notice at least one week before the termination date.
If rent is paid every month, you must give this notice at least one month before the termination date.
If rent is paid every year, you must give this notice at least three months before the termination date.
If you are the tenant, the following are the minimum number of days for giving your landlord a notice to quit:
Tenant or occupant is a victim of domestic violence, sexual assault or harassment
Property damage due to fire, disaster or unavoidable accident
Property contains plumbing, pipes, water or steam that can cause injury due to freezing between Nov 15 to Apr 15
If the tenant or occupant is (OR might become) a victim of
domestic violence, sexual assault or harassment, the tenant can terminate
the rental agreement by giving the landlord a written notice to
quit with the following details [MN 504B.206]:
In addition, this notice must include a qualified document showing that the tenant or occupant is or might become a victim (e.g. police report, protection order).
The tenant shall have to pay rent for the entire month when the lease terminates and forfeit the full deposit amount. Example: If the lease terminates on 15 January, the tenant will have to pay rent until 31 January.
If the property is badly damaged by fire, disasters or (unavoidable)
accidents, the tenant can immediately move out and stop paying rent. The
tenant must inform the landlord that he or she intends to terminate the
tenancy, and the tenancy shall terminate once the tenant moves out. [MN 504B.131]
After the tenant moves out, the landlord must return the security deposit (after any deductions) to the tenant. The tenant won't have to pay rent starting from the date of the fire or natural disaster, so the landlord must also return any prepaid rent to the tenant.
According to Minnesota landlord tenant law, the following are valid reasons for evicting tenants and the minimum number of days for giving them a notice to quit:
Tenant did not pay rent (written lease)
No notice needed
Tenant did not pay rent (no written lease)
Tenant violated tenancy agreement
No notice needed
Tenant passed away
If there is a written lease agreement and the tenant failed to pay rent on time, the landlord can file an eviction lawsuit immediately WITHOUT having to give the tenant a notice to quit first.
If there is no written lease agreement (tenancy at will), the landlord must send the tenant a 14 day notice to quit before filing an eviction lawsuit. [MN 504B.135.(b)]
Before the tenant is evicted, he or she can stop the eviction lawsuit by paying the rent owed (with interest) plus court costs and attorney fees. [MN 504B.291]
If the tenant violates the tenancy agreement, the landlord can file an eviction lawsuit immediately WITHOUT having to give the tenant a notice to quit first. [MN 504B.285]
The landlord is not required to give the tenant a chance to correct the problem(s) to avoid eviction.
According to Minnesota landlord tenant law, the landlord CANNOT force the tenant to move out by shutting off utilities (electricity, water, gas, sanitation), changing the locks, taking the tenant's belongings or taking possession of the property by force without a court hearing. [MN 504B.225]
If the landlord forces the tenant to move out with (the unlawful methods above) or shuts off utilities, the tenant may recover three times the amount of damages or $500 (whichever is more) plus attorney's fees. [MN 504B.231.(a)]
There are no specific Minnesota landlord tenant laws on when the property is considered abandoned by the tenant.
We recommend that the landlord and tenant work out the following details and include them in the rental agreement:
If the tenant abandoned the property and left his or her personal belongings behind, the landlord must inform the tenant where the belongings are stored AND give the tenant at least 28 days after receiving notice of abandonment to remove them. [MN 504B.271]
The landlord can choose to dispose or sell the belongings (in a public sale).
While the landlord has to make a reasonable effort to store the abandoned belongings, the landlord isn't responsible for any damage or losses... unless it's due to the landlord's abuse or neglect. If the abandoned belongings are moved to a commercial storage company, the tenant will be responsible for the moving and storage costs.
If the landlord chooses to sell the abandoned belongings, he or she must inform the tenant at least 14 days before the sale in writing. The landlord can send this notice of sale to the tenant's last known address (by first class certified mail) or post it at a highly visible place on the property.
The landlord may use revenue from the public sale to pay for the following:
Any remaining revenue from the sale shall be given to the tenant if he or she requests for it.
If the landlord violates Michigan landlord tenant laws on handling abandoned belongings, the tenant may sue the landlord for up to three times the amount of damages or $1000 (whichever is more) plus attorney fees.
Minnesota Landlord Tenant Law: Minnesota Landlord and Tenant Act
Minnesota Landlord Tenant Handbook: Landlords and Tenants - Rights and Responsibilities