Looking for clear and concise information on Kansas landlord tenant law? Get all your answers from this plain English guide to the Kansas Landlord Tenant Act.
KS Landlord Tenant Law:
The landlord can ask prospective tenants for application fees to cover the costs of background and credit checks. The fee amount should be reasonable - We recommend charging $25 to $30 per applicant. If the landlord did not run any tenant screening checks, the fees should be refunded.
Before running background or credit checks on tenant applicants, landlords must first obtain the applicant's written permission. [Fair Credit Reporting Act § 604(a)(3)(F)]
For landlords to run background and credit checks, the tenant application form needs to ask for the applicant's:
The federal Fair Housing Act disallows landlords from rejecting prospective renters based on their race, color, religion, nationality, sex, *familial status or physical/mental disability. *Familial status means landlords cannot reject someone for having one or more children under 18. Familial status also includes pregnant women and people planning to have (or adapt) children under 18.
In addition, Kansas landlord tenant law disallows landlords from rejecting someone as a renter because of his or her ancestry. [K.S.A. § 40-1016.(b)]
A tenancy agreement (also known as a lease agreement or rental agreement) can be written or verbal.
The landlord and tenant can choose between a month to month tenancy or fixed term lease. For a month to month tenancy, the landlord or tenant can change its terms and conditions at the end of every month. For a fixed term lease, the landlord and tenant CANNOT change the lease terms and conditions during its duration... unless there is written consent from both parties.
In the absence of a rental agreement, the tenancy shall be month to month by default. If the tenant pays rent every week, then the tenancy shall be week to week. [K.S.A. § 58-2545.(d)]
If the tenant has rented the property for one year or longer and continues staying (with the landlord's consent) after the lease expires, then the tenancy shall be year to year. [K.S.A. § 58-2502]
Once the tenancy begins, the landlord must give the tenant a copy of the lease that is signed by both parties. If the landlord fails to do so but accepts rent from the tenant later, then it shall be considered that the landlord has signed and delivered the rental agreement. Regardless of what is stated in the rental agreement, the lease in this case will be limited to one year. [K.S.A. § 58-2546]
Kansas landlord tenant law requires all tenancy agreements to contain the following details:
According to Kansas landlord tenant law, your lease agreement CANNOT [K.S.A. § 58-2547]:
If the rental unit is unfurnished, Kansas landlord tenant law allows the landlord to ask for up to one month's rent as security deposit. [K.S.A. § 58-2550.(a)]
If the rental unit is furnished (by the landlord), the landlord can ask for up to 1.5 month's rent as a security deposit.
If the tenant keeps a pet (that is not a *service animal), the landlord can ask for an additional pet deposit. The maximum amount for this pet deposit is half month's rent and it can only be deducted for pet-related damages. *A service animal is an animal (usually a dog) that is trained to assist disabled people.
There are no Kansas landlord tenant laws on security deposit holding methods and security deposit interest.
Kansas landlord tenant law requires the landlord to inform the tenant of the terms and conditions for security deposit deductions.
Valid reasons for security deposit deductions (under Kansas landlord tenant law) include:
The landlord is NOT allowed to take money from the security deposit due to damage from *normal wear and tear. *Normal wear and tear is the natural deterioration of the property (and its contents) from normal everyday use.
Once the lease terminates and the tenant returns the property, the landlord must determine the list of security deposit deductions and refund any remaining deposit within 14 days (not exceeding 30 days after termination). This list has to individually account for all damages and rent owed in writing.
If the landlord fails to follow Kansas landlord tenant law for deducting and returning security deposit, the tenant can recover any deposit owed PLUS 1.5 times the amount of deposit that was wrongfully withheld. [K.S.A. § 58-2550.(c)]
Once the property ownership is transferred, the new owner will be responsible for refunding any security deposit or prepaid rent to the tenant (at the end of the tenancy). Therefore the new owner should make sure that the previous owner transfers all security deposits and prepaid rents along with the property. [K.S.A. § 58-2554]
The previous owner is no longer responsible for the tenancy once ALL three conditions are met:
Wichita, Kansas KS
The tenant has to pay the rent without demand or reminders. As long as the landlord and tenant are agreeable, they can choose the time, place and method of rent payment.
By default, rent is payable once the tenancy begins and shall be paid on the beginning of each month for a week-to-week or month-to-month tenancy. Rent is to be collected at the rental property and shall be pro-rated daily. [K.S.A. § 58-2545.(c)]
There are no Kansas landlord tenant statutes on imposing charges for late rent payments.
If the landlord wants to impose late rent fees, it has to be specified in the tenancy agreement. [K.S.A. § 58-2545.(a)]
There are no specific Kansas landlord tenant statutes on raising rent.
We recommend that the landlord and tenant work out the following details and include them in the rental agreement:
Once the tenancy has begun, the tenant must conduct a joint inspection of the property with the landlord (or landlord's agent) within five days. Both parties shall sign and keep a copy of the property inspection report. [K.S.A. § 58-2548]
The Kansas Landlord Tenant Act requires the landlord to maintain the property in a safe and habitable condition. It also requires the tenant to keep the property in a clean and safe condition.
The Kansas Landlord Tenant Act requires the landlord to maintain the property in a safe and habitable condition [K.S.A. § 58-2553]:
If the property doesn't share a common area with at least three other households, the landlord can transfer his or her duties for waste disposal and heating to the tenant... but ONLY if the tenant agrees to it in writing. [K.S.A. § 58-2553.(b)]
Kansas landlord tenant law also requires the tenant to keep the property in a clean and safe condition [K.S.A. § 58-2555]:
If the landlord fails in his or her responsibilities, the tenant has two choices:
1. The tenant can move out (if it affects the tenant's health and safety)
The tenant must give the landlord a written notice stating the problem and giving the landlord 14 days to fix it, or else the tenant will move out in 30 days. If the problem is fixed within 14 days (of the landlord receiving this notice), the tenancy will continue.
If the landlord commits a similar violation within 14 days, the tenant can terminate the tenancy with a written 30 day notice stating the violation date and details. In this case, the termination shall be unconditional and the landlord won't be given the chance to correct his or her violations. [K.S.A. § 58-2559.(a)(1)]
2. The tenant can sue the landlord for damages
If the landlord violates the rental agreement or Kansas landlord tenant law, the tenant can sue the landlord for damages and obtain obtain a court order (that requires the landlord to do, or stop doing something).
According to Kansas landlord tenant law, the landlord is only allowed to enter the property for the following reasons [K.S.A. § 58-2557]:
In the above situations, the landlord must inform the tenant in advance before entering the property. The landlord can only enter the property with the tenant's consent and during reasonable hours. We recommend informing the tenant at least 24 hours in advance.
According to Kansas landlord tenant law, the landlord may enter the property without permission in the following situations:
The tenant cannot deny access if the landlord has a valid reason to enter the property. Otherwise the landlord can EITHER
In addition, the landlord can also sue the tenant for actual damages. [K.S.A. § 58-2571.(a)]
The landlord must have a valid reason and obtain the tenant's permission (whenever required) to enter the property. If the landlord fails to do so or harasses the tenant, the tenant can EITHER
In addition, the tenant may also sue the landlord for actual damages. [K.S.A. § 58-2571.(b)]
For the following situations, the tenant cannot sublet or assign the property unless the landlord agrees to it in writing:
If the tenant fails to follow Kansas landlord tenant law for subletting or assignment, the landlord may terminate the tenancy by giving a 10 day written notice to the tenant. [K.S.A. § 58-2511]
Topeka, Kansas KS
Kansas landlord tenant law requires you to give the other party a written notice to quit before terminating a tenancy. [K.S.A. § 58-2504]
For a tenancy at will, you must give this notice at least 30 days before the termination date.
For a month to month tenancy, you have to give this notice at least 30 days in advance.
For a year to year tenancy, you also have to give this notice at least 30 days in advance. [K.S.A. § 58-2505]
If the rent payment interval is less than 30 days, the number of days for giving a notice to quit depends on the how often the rent is paid (e.g. You should give a 14 day notice if the rent is paid every two weeks).
*If you are renting farming land, the number of days for terminating your lease will be different - For more details, see Kansas Landlord Tenant Act § 58-2506
If you are the tenant, the following are the minimum number of days for giving your landlord a notice to quit:
Landlord violated tenancy agreement or didn't perform duties
Tenant is deployed in the armed forces
Property damage due to fire, disaster or unavoidable accident
If the property is badly damaged by fire, disasters or (unavoidable) accidents, the tenant can immediately move out and stop paying rent. The tenant must inform the landlord that he or she intends to terminate the tenancy within five days, and the tenancy shall terminate once the tenant moves out.
After the tenant moves out, the landlord must return the security deposit (after any deductions) to the tenant. The tenant won't have to pay rent starting from the date of the fire or natural disaster, so the landlord must also return any prepaid rent to the tenant.
If only part of the property is damaged, the tenant should move out of the damaged area. The rent amount will be lowered based on how much of the property is still livable. [K.S.A. § 58-2562]
The tenant can deliver the notice to the landlord in person or mail it to the address where the rent is paid. [K.S.A. § 58-2510]
The landlord can serve the notice to the tenant in the following ways:
You won't have to send the a written notice to quit in the following situations [K.S.A. § 58-2509]:
According to Kansas landlord tenant law, the following are valid reasons for evicting tenants and the minimum number of days for giving them a notice to quit:
Tenant did not pay rent (and has rented for less than three months)
Tenant did not pay rent (and has rented for three months or longer)
Tenant violated tenancy agreement or didn't perform duties
Tenant sublet property without landlord's permission
If the tenant did not pay rent on time, the landlord can send the tenant a written notice to terminate the tenancy. This notice must state the amount of rent owed and inform the tenant that he or she can choose to pay or move out.
If the tenant has rented the property for less than three months, the landlord has to give the tenant three days to pay any rent owed. [K.S.A. § 58-2507]
If the tenant has rented the property for three months or longer, the landlord has to give the tenant 10 days to pay any rent owed. [K.S.A. § 58-2508]
If the rent is paid within the above deadlines OR the landlord accepts rent from the tenant after the deadline, the tenant may continue staying on the property. [K.S.A. § 58-2566]
If the tenant violates the tenancy agreement in a *significant manner, the landlord can send the tenant a 30 day written notice to terminate the tenancy. [K.S.A. § 58-2564.(a)]
Similarly if the tenant fails to perform his or her duties (as required by Kansas landlord tenant law) in a *significant manner, the landlord can also send the tenant a 30 day written notice to terminate the tenancy.
*Significant manner refers to situations that affects human health and safety.
This written notice has to state what is the tenant's violation or failure in duty. If the tenant corrects the problem within 14 days, the tenant may stay.
However if the tenant violates the tenancy agreement (or fails in his or her duty) in a similar manner within 14 days, the landlord can evict the tenant by sending him or her a written 30 day notice. In this case, the tenant must move out.
The tenant will need the landlord's written permission to sublet the property UNLESS the tenancy is a fixed term lease of two years or longer.
If the tenant fails to follow Kansas landlord tenant law for subletting or assignment, the landlord may terminate the tenancy by giving a 10 day written notice to the tenant. All tenants and subtenants shall have to move out within 10 days. [K.S.A. § 58-2512]
According to Kansas landlord tenant law, the landlord CANNOT force the tenant to move out by shutting off utilities (electricity, water, gas, sanitation), changing the locks, taking the tenant's belongings or taking possession of the property by force without a court hearing. [K.S.A. § 58-2569] [K.S.A. § 58-2563]
If the landlord forces the tenant to move out with (the unlawful methods above) or shuts off utilities, the tenant can EITHER
In addition, the tenant may also sue the landlord for 1.5 times the amount of actual damages.
According to Kansas landlord tenant law, the tenant has abandoned the property when ALL four conditions are met [K.S.A. § 58-2565.(a),(b)]:
Once the property is abandoned, the landlord may enter it, clean it, and re-rent it.
As long as the landlord makes a proper effort to re-rent the property at a fair rate, the abandoning tenant will be responsible for paying rent until the tenancy ends. If a new tenant is moving in before the tenancy ends, then the abandoning tenant can stop paying rent once the new tenant moves in. [K.S.A. § 58-2565.(c)]
If the tenant abandoned the property and left his or her personal belongings behind, the landlord must inform the tenant where the belongings are stored AND give the tenant at least 30 days to remove them. After 30 days, the landlord can choose to destroy, dispose or sell the belongings (in a public sale). [K.S.A. § 58-2565.(d)]
The tenant can recover his or her belongings before they are disposed or sold. The tenant shall have to pay all moving, storage and selling costs (of the belongings) PLUS any rent owed.
If the landlord intends to dispose or sell the belongings, the landlord must publish his or her intention in a local newspaper 15 days before doing so. Once this notice is published, the landlord has to mail a copy of it it to the tenant's last known address within seven days. This notice has to include the following details:
The landlord may use revenue from the sale of abandoned belongings to pay for the following [K.S.A. § 58-2565.(e)]:
leftover revenue should be paid to secured creditors who informed the landlord before the sale. If there are no such creditors, the landlord shall get to keep all leftover revenue.
There are specific Kansas landlord tenant laws for mobile home owners renting parking space from mobile home park operators.
See the Mobile Home Parks Residential Landlord and Tenant Act for more details.
Kansas Landlord Tenant Law: Kansas Residential Landlord and Tenant Act
Kansas Landlord Tenant Handbook: Kansas Tenants Handbook
Mobile Homes: Mobile Home Parks Residential Landlord and Tenant Act